Orthodontics is the speciality of dentistry focused on the diagnosis and treatment of dental and associated facial irregularities. The results of orthodontic treatment can be dramatic, yielding beautiful smiles, improved dental health and an enhanced quality of life for people of all ages.
Orthodontic problems, which can result from genetic and
environmental factors, must be diagnosed before treatment begins. Proper diagnosis involves taking photographs, x-rays and dental impressions, which enable us to make informed decisions about the treatment necessary.
How do braces straighten crooked teeth ?
Braces use constant, gentle pressure, which over time
moves teeth into their proper positions. Your braces are at
work every moment of your orthodontic treatment. The
two main components of your braces are the brackets that
are placed on your teeth and the main archwire that
The bracket is a piece of shaped metal or ceramic that we
affix to each tooth, and serves as a handle to control each
tooth. The archwire is connected to each brace and
provides the force needed to move the teeth.
The wire threads through the brackets and, as the wire tries
to return to its original shape, it applies pressure to move
your teeth. Picture your tooth resting in your jawbone. With
pressure on one side from the archwire, the bone on the
other side gives way. The tooth moves. New bone grows
Treatment timing and duration
Orthodontic treatment can be carried out at any age
provided the teeth and the supporting bone are healthy.
There are certain problems that are best corrected at an
earlyage. The AAO (American Association of Orthodontics)
and the IOS (Indian Orthodontic Society) recommends that
every child be seen by an orthodontist at the age of seven to
rule out any problems that require early intervention.
Generally the best time to initiate treatment is when most
of the milk teeth have fallen off i.e. between the ages of 11-
12 years. Treatment duration varies according to the
severity of the problem and ranges from 12-20 months for
How painful is orthodontic treatment ?
There is absolutely no pain during the placement of the
braces. The teeth start feeling sore after a few hours and this
would last for about 3-4 days after the first appointment.
This soreness is completely manageable with the help of
mild pain-killers. It takes most patients about a week to
completely get used to the braces. This discomfort is
minimal from the second visit onwards and usually lasts for a
How do you take care of your braces ?
You would need to take extra care of your oral hygiene
during the treatment. Special toothbrushes & mouthwash
are prescribed by the orthodontist. Diet requires some
modifications in terms of avoidance of hard sticky food
during the treatment as they may dislodge the braces from
the teeth. More importantly, you would need to visit your
orthodontist every 4-8 weeks for monitoring the progress
of treatment and regular adjustments of your braces.
Different Types of Braces will help give you the look that you desire.
There are several types of appliances that can be used to
achieve your goals of straight teeth, good bite, and a
Standard Steel Braces : Stainless steel braces are
the most popular with children and teenagers.
Different color elastics (more commonly known as
ligature ties) can be used and the colors can be
changed at each appointment.
Mini Steel Braces : These are special miniature steel
braces which are 30% smaller than the standard steel braces
giving them the advantage of being more comfortable, less
noticeable and easier to clean.
Standard Ceramic Braces : They are hardly noticeable
until you get close to the person wearing them. As they are
ceramic, they may break more easily as compared to steel braces and also because of the greater
friction between the wire and the
ceramic brace, the treatment may take
a few months longer.
Metal Ceramic Braces : These
braces are a combination of the good
features of the steel and ceramic
braces; the steel slot reduces the
friction while the clear ceramic wings
of the bracket give superior
Self Ligating Braces : The ultimate high-technology
brace, their revolutionary design eliminates almost all
friction between the wire and the brace, allowing teeth to
move faster. With no friction to overcome, lighter forces
can be used to move the teeth. The duration of treatment is
also somewhat reduced and the patients report less
discomfort due to the lighter forces used. Colored ties
cannot be used with this type of braces.
Lingual Braces : “Go on Smiling”, for Lingual orthodontics aims at just that.
The brackets are bonded to the lingual surface,
which proves as a main esthetic advantage over
labial technique. The labial enamel surface is saved
from chemical insults of etching and bonding procedures.
What are the benefits of orthodontic treatment ?
The obvious benefits of braces are a better smile, improved
self image and greater confidence in one's appearance.
Improved alignment of teeth allows for better brushing and
healthier gums. Also, reduction in the degree of prominence
of the teeth reduces the risk of injury to the teeth especially
Are you ready
for a new SMILE ?